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The Beginnings of Junior Leadership Training
Within five months after the formation of Crescent Bay District Council, Scout Executive Donald Monroe organized a comprehensive training program for boys on May 6, 1922 called the Patrol Leaders Training Troop. The training had two aims: "First- to give all the information possible in the short time left before school closes to make the participant a good leader and second, to give the participant ideas about what constitutes a good meeting program".
1940's and the Green Bar Corps
The format involved eight meetings that included homework in between. In order to attend, scouts were required to provide the correct password upon entering the meeting place. A preset outline of meeting topics included: the patrol leaders job, how to become a better leader, becoming responsible for advancement of scouts, maintaining proper patrol and troop spirit, promoting outdoor activities, and understanding troop management.
Contests were held at each meeting including: knot tying, observation, compass, tracking and games called "Carries", Horse and Rider, and "Take the trench--cracker race". In "Carries", one scout would drag another from one end of the room to the other using a fireman's drag and then return him back to the starting place using a fireman's lift. The tracking contest required answering questions that applied in the early 1920's but seem very out of place today such as: "if you saw the foot prints of a white man and an Indian, both wearing moccasins, how would you tell which marks were made by the Indian?"
The training troop was divided into patrols and points were awarded at each meeting. Each member of a patrol earning 1000 points over the course of the training was to receive "a cord of blue" to be worn in the seam at the top of the left sleeve indicating that he "graduated with honors." The point system broke down as follows:
This very early training program culminated with songs and and a full advertisement for patrol leaders to recruit other scouts in their troops to attend the first ever, Crescent Bay District Council summer camp. Known as Canyon Camp, it was to be held over two sessions in Temescal Canyon during the summer of 1922.
- 1 point for each patrol member - Attendance at First Call (7:30 pm)
- 5 points for each patrol member - Attendance in Uniform
- 10 points for each patrol member - Inspection (shoes shined, suit clean,
badges in place)
- 50 points for 1st place in patrol contests
- 30 points for 2nd place in patrol contests
- 10 points for 3rd place in patrol contests
F.R. Hill, Scout executive of Bakersfield Council, was hired by Crescent Bay Council in 1925. It is not known if or how the Council's first training program continued on through the 1920's. Hill had a clear focus on the development of the outdoor camping experience and no information currently exists about the role that training played in the Council's program during this period. Documentation for adult and youth training programs resurfaces in the 1940's.
Crescent Bay Council stepped up its efforts to organize training for boys at the outset of World War II. Future Chief Scout Executive, Alden Barber, helped organize the Green Bar Corps and served as Scoutmaster for Westwood District. Green Bar Corps' were organized in other Districts and functioned into the early 1950's when the Junior Leader Training (JLT) program was created. One of the first instructors for the Green Bar Corps was Martin Wienstien (aka Martin Michael). Senior scouts and potential leaders received special training in the functions and operations of the troop. The exact nature of the Green Bar Corps program is not known but likely had many similarities to the JLT program that followed in the 1950's and early 1960's.
Alden Barber's Westwood Green Bar Corps
A group of scouts specially trained to go back into the troops of Westwood District
replacing those senior scouts that had left for war service.
1st on left - Jerry Saunders (1943-44 Tamet lodge Chief);
3rd from left - Tom Canady (1944-45 Tamet Lodge Chief)
11th from left Rudy Froelich, song leader
2nd from left - Martin Wienstien; 3rd from left -Eric Orgell
: Alden Barber is not in the picture. He was serving in the Army Air Corps.
(Photo courtesy of Frank Glick)
Green Bar Corps Certificate
Issued by Crescent Bay Council Training Committee
Awarded to Wayne Graves, May 12, 1944
F. R. Hill; J. J. McNeely; Ray R. Sweet; Martin Weinstein; Leland P. Reeder
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Reorganization in 1957
The Sears' Junior Leader Training Program
There is currently no record documenting how junior leader training was implemented in the districts during the early 1950's. Green Bar Corps seems to have continued in some of the Districts while other Districts were adopting a new National program called JLT (Junior Leader Training). Under the direction of Ward Orvis, Council training chairman, a new plan was developed and introduced in April, 1957.
Crescent Bay Council made an arrangement with the Sears Roebuck Foundation to sponsor a new Junior Leader Training program for scouts in the Council. The program, called Sear's Junior Leader Training, would include scholarships funds totaling $1,235 per year to partially defer the costs of sending scouts to Wolverton and Philmont Scout Ranch to complete the training.
Initially designed for 12 of the best Explorer Scouts, the original group expanded to 14 Explorers and one leader who traveled to Philmont between August 4-16, 1957 for their training. Once back home, the group set out for Camp Wolverton, August 24-31, to train 32 additional Crescent Bay Explorers the duties of a Junior Leader. The original Crescent Bay Junior Leaders were:
- Gay Bjornstad Troop 115
- David Brandt Troop 85
- David Brown Troop 145
- Tom Elkin Post 8
- Mark Foss Troop 48
- Kenneth Gerard Troop 60
- Roger Gillis Post 268
- Richard Glanz Post 253
- Keith Natvig Troop 69
- Bruce Powell Post 93
- John Price Troop 45
- Dave Tellem Troop 18
- Larry Walker Troop 11
- Monty Wilkison Troop 32
- Charles E. Hewitt, Advisor Troop 222
The JLT program proved popular and successful, involving hundreds of Crescent Bay Scouts over the next eight years. 'Sears' dropped from the name in the early 1960's although the company continued providing financial support. In 1963, the annual training
session at Camp Wolverton was renamed Junior Leader Instructor Training
or JLIT. Both JLT and JLIT were held again in 1964 and the nominee event at Camp Josepho went off as planned in the spring of 1965. But changes were in the works. Instead of conducting the mid summer JLT at Philmont Scout Ranch, the encampment was scheduled for the Region 12 training facility at Camp Chawanakee at Shaver lake, California. Ward Orvis and the training committee had been working on a
revamped program to combine both Junior and Adult Leader Training into a
single program within Crescent Bay Area Council. That program, called
Polaris, was inaugurated in the summer of 1965 at which time, JLT and
JLIT ceased to exist.
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